Is CBD Oil Legal for Consumption?

The CBD oil industry is proliferating. CBD continues to gain recognition because of the countless benefits it has offered people all over the world. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the primary compounds in the cannabis plant. This compound reportedly provides a range of benefits including reduction of pain, inflammations, and seizures. However, unlike THC, CBD contains no psychoactive properties. Amidst everything surrounding CBD oil, the DEA is carefully keeping an eye on the product due to its increase in demand, curiosity, and popularity among citizens.

The legality or illegality of CBD oil is a bit unclear. Similarly, consumers are not sure that they are buying a product that is what it says it is since the industry is generally unregulated. While the oil is gaining popularity due to its incredible efficacy and becoming a healthy alternative to pharmaceutical meds, some producers are taking advantage and misleading consumers for profit’s sake.

CBD Oil Fears

CBD is a non-psychoactive compound that counters the effects of THC in the brain. It possesses its own benefits to the body. However, most recently, the DEA caused quite a scare after declaring some restrictions on CBD use.

CBD produced from selected industrial hemp strains contain little to no traces of THC. Any CBD from cannabis plants is illegal because they contain significant traces of THC in them. The existing challenge is the inability of consumers to identify a real CBD oil from those called CBD oil but lack any cannabinoid profile.

CBD oil companies proclaim to their customers that their hemp oil can treat diseases from acne problems to cancer while they lack any scientific backing to their assertions to increase sales. It is unsurprising to see customers with unmade minds concerning the products since they get overwhelmed by the idea but lack the know-how of getting the product without being scammed. It is for that reason that consumers should remain cautious of hemp products.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

This question is dependent on where you live and who you ask. There are contradicting information from different agencies. For instance, a DEA once said that anything associated with cannabis, including all extracts, is illegal but yet the products remain available in online and retail health stores all over the country.

CBD is Legal in 44 (+6) U.S. States

CBD is only one among many compounds in the cannabis plant and is the one sought after by consumers. This compound does not cause any toxicity. 28 states have legalized medical marijuana. In these states, CBD is protected under the same medical marijuana laws. With the scientific studies showing the benefits of CBD and its safe usage, another 16 states went ahead and passed CBD only laws which allow possession and use of CBD products for qualifying conditions including epilepsy and other conditions. It is in these states that the DEA still consider CBD federally illegal despite the legal protections.

These six states – Dakota, Idaho, Indiana, West Virginia, Nebraska, and Kansas still consider the cannabis plant and CBD to be illegal. But none of them actually persecute people for using or possessing CBD. Many of the states with CBD only laws allow for possession and use but do not permit cultivation, or supply infrastructure. For instance, Georgia’s legislature passed its CBD-only laws in 2015 allowing possession of CBD products for patients with seizures and multiple sclerosis. They later added other CBD treatable conditions like AIDS, autism, Alzheimer’s Tourette’s syndrome, epidermolysis bullosa, and peripheral neuropathy into the list. However, this list was only limited to CBD oil that had not more than 5% THC.

In the six states prohibiting CBD possession and use, CBD and any related drugs remain punishable by law, and in theory, this means an arrest. However, this is a low priority product that has not seen anyone gets arrested for simple possession and a few arrest instances for those found selling. Seemingly, it is riskier to sell CBD than possessing it, and the DEA focuses on commercial violations.

How to Buy Quality CBD Oil

Since this is largely an unregulated industry, one may be tempted to ask whether there is CBD in the CBD oil intended for purchase. While the answer is yes, it, however, is not always the case. The only places where CBD and cannabis use is entirely legal and regulated is in Washington, Colorado, Alaska, and Oregon. In these four states, one can be sure that he or she is getting a pure and potent product since they undergo state-mandated tests. Outside these states, the customer needs to trust the manufacturer. Here are three standards to check before buying CBD oil.

  1. The Extraction Procedure

Quality CBD oil is extracted from the stalks and seeds of the industrial hemp. Some companies use unhealthy solvents such as propane, butane, etc. Such compounds may be harmful especially to those already ill. Although butane may be efficient and cheap, it leaves toxic residues. Another extraction solvent is alcohol which reduces the potency of the oil. The healthiest and best extraction procedure, though expensive, uses carbon dioxide.

  1. Sourcing

Since the hemp plant is a hyper accumulator, where it is grown is of significance. It readily absorbs anything from the soil and environment it is planted. In fact, it is sometimes used for bioremediation which is a plant-based approach to cleaning the environment and getting rid of toxic elements from the soil and water. As a general rule of thumb, it is believed that the best hemp comes from countries where they have been planting it for centuries, and the environment is well regulated, for instance, Europe.

  1. Bioavailability

Regrettably, there are companies in the market which claim to have CBD in their products only to test negative when lab tests are done to verify. In 2015, the FDA tested products that claimed to have CBD, and those that did not have any CBD despite claiming so in their reports were fined.

Although CBD products are efficient and produce excellent results, the CBD in them is still subject to degradation and affected bioavailability which depends on delivery options. Under the tongue placement of CBD oil is the most efficient delivery method with the highest bioavailability. However, topical application and ingestion through capsules have a lower absorption than mandibular ingestion.

For a customer, it’s always wise to ask questions since you are going to consume the product. It’s also important to know the legality of your CBD oil within your locale. It is true that there is minimal existing research on CBD oil and its usage. However, scientists are quickly making an effort to demystify the challenges against it, and soon enough, CBD will be openly accepted by everyone.

Sources:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3202504/
https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2017/02/06/cannabidiol-illegal-and-always-has-been/

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